We measure the impact of Tanzania’s Wildlife Management Areas (WMAs), a national community-based conservation and poverty reduction initiative using a novel, cost-effective impact evaluation method based on participatory wealth ranking and Bayesian multilevel modelling.
We use empirical case studies on the impacts of El Niño on smallholder households from five countries to test the application of quantitative data aggregation for policy recommendation. Wwhile cross-study results partially align with the findings from the individual projects and with theory, several challenges associated with quantitative aggregation remain when examining complex, contextual and multi-dimensional concepts such as resilience.
Land use intensification frequently has unintended impacts on ecosystem services. Here, we we examine three case studies in rural Mozambique. Drawing on interviews, focus group discussions, 1576 household surveys and geospatial data from 27 Mozambican villages, we assess how wellbeing and inequality change with three common land use intensification pathways.
Conservation interventions developed with little understanding of social system dynamics can result in simplistic and misguided approaches. More effective conservation, that seeks to influence the social drivers of ecological change, requires a more nuanced and predictive understanding of these drivers. In this paper we explore how ABMs and SNAs, separately and in tandem, could be useful for understanding the dynamics of structured information flow and examine the potential benefits of promoting a cross-over between the ecological and social sciences in conservation.
Effective management of local bushmeat systems requires understanding of their social and economic dynamics, yet social elements such as relationships between actors are often overlooked. We provide the first detailed description of a rural hunting system in Liberia.
Understanding the structure of information flow in a group, using tools such as social network analysis, can offer important insights for conservation interventions which aim to change human behaviour. This review introduces conservation researchers and practitioners to key concepts underpinning information flows and complex contagions for interventions targeting networks of individuals.
Hunting is one of the most serious threats to biodiversity globally. While the nature and impacts of hunting have been widely studied, many of the findings have remained disconnected. We review what is known about the conservation-relevant outcomes of different hunting approaches and highlight gaps in current understanding.
Problem-orienting policing aims to "change the conditions that give rise to recurring crime problems" and has become a popular model for analysing crime. To be successful, however, problem-oriented policing approaches need to take account of, the wider network of issues within which a crime problem and potential solutions are embedded.