Implications of the World Bank’s environmental and social framework for biodiversity
The World Bank's social and environmental safeguard policies were recently updated in the new Environmental and Social Framework. Although elements of the new policy have the potential to benefit conservation, Concerns have been raised that the policy is now too flexible and lacks clear definitions for key terms.
Intervener trustworthiness predicts cooperation with conservation interventions in an elephant conflict public goods game
We develop an experimental, framed public goods game to test how support for otherwise identical elephant conflict interventions varies with perceptions of the trustworthiness of two different intervening groups. Our result show that participants cooperate more with interveners they perceive to be more trustworthy and that different aspects of trustworthiness matter differentially.
Experimentally assessing the effect of search effort on snare detectability
Using an experimental approach, we investigated the effect of search effort, habitat, season, and team on rangers' detection of snares in a tropical forest landscape. Our results suggest that snare detectability in tropical forest landscapes is likely to be low, and may not improve dramatically with increased search effort.
Making Messy Data Work for Conservation
We present an overview of the opportunities and limitations associated with "messy" data: unstructured observational data, such as citizen science records or ranger patrol observations. We explain how the preferences, skills, and incentives of data collectors affect the quality of the information they contain and the investment required to unlock their potential.
Women, wellbeing and Wildlife Management Areas in Tanzania
We examine the common patterns and differentiated ways women are affected by Tanzania’s Wildlife Management Areas, using data from 937 married women in 42 villages across six WMAs and matched controls in Northern and Southern Tanzania.
នៅភាគខាងជើងនៃប្រទេសកម្ពុជាសត្វព្រៃដែលទទួលការគំរាមកំហែងសត្វពាហនះ និងមនុស្សកំពុងត្រូវបានបំពុលដោយថ្នាំសម្លាប់សត្វល្អិតដែលបានដាក់ក្នុងត្រពាំងនៅតាមរដូវកាលនីមួយៗ។ ការដោះស្រាយដើម្បីឆ្លើយតបទៅនឹងការគំរាមកំហែងការអភិរក្សដ៏ សំខាន់នេះទាមទារឱ្យមានការយល់ដឹងអំពីកត្តាជំរុញអាកប្បកិរិយានៃការបំពុលនិងបរិបទសង្គម។ការសិក្សានេះត្រូវបានធ្វើឡើងក្នុងសហគមន៍ចំនួន10 ក្នុងតំបន់ការពារចំនួន02 ក្នុងគោលបំណងដើម្បីផ្តល់នូវការវាយតម្លៃជាជំហ៊ានដំបូង។
Impact of Tanzania’s Wildlife Management Areas on household wealth
We measure the impact of Tanzania’s Wildlife Management Areas (WMAs), a national community-based conservation and poverty reduction initiative using a novel, cost-effective impact evaluation method based on participatory wealth ranking and Bayesian multilevel modelling.
The role of quantitative cross-case analysis in understanding tropical smallholder farmers’ adaptive capacity to climate shocks
We use empirical case studies on the impacts of El Niño on smallholder households from five countries to test the application of quantitative data aggregation for policy recommendation. Wwhile cross-study results partially align with the findings from the individual projects and with theory, several challenges associated with quantitative aggregation remain when examining complex, contextual and multi-dimensional concepts such as resilience.
Impacts of land use intensification on human wellbeing: Evidence from rural Mozambique
Land use intensification frequently has unintended impacts on ecosystem services. Here, we we examine three case studies in rural Mozambique. Drawing on interviews, focus group discussions, 1576 household surveys and geospatial data from 27 Mozambican villages, we assess how wellbeing and inequality change with three common land use intensification pathways.
Integrating models of human behaviour between the individual and population levels to inform conservation interventions
Conservation interventions developed with little understanding of social system dynamics can result in simplistic and misguided approaches. More effective conservation, that seeks to influence the social drivers of ecological change, requires a more nuanced and predictive understanding of these drivers. In this paper we explore how ABMs and SNAs, separately and in tandem, could be useful for understanding the dynamics of structured information flow and examine the potential benefits of promoting a cross-over between the ecological and social sciences in conservation.