Barnacle goose numbers on Islay increased from 20,000 to 43,000 between 1987 and 2016 and, as the goose population has grown, farms have supported geese more frequently and in larger numbers, with subsequent damaging effects.
Combating the surge of illegal wildlife trade (IWT) devastating wildlife populations is an urgent global priority for conservation. Here we set out a conceptual framework to guide efforts to effectively combat IWT through actions at community level.
Community-based conservation (CBC) aims to benefit local people as well as to achieve conservation goals, but has been criticised for taking a simplistic view of “community” and failing to recognise differences in the preferences and motivations of community members. We explore this heterogeneity in the context of Kenya’s conservancies, focussing on the livelihood preferences of men and women living adjacent to the Maasai Mara National Reserve.