Tag: ESPA

Impact of Tanzania’s Wildlife Management Areas on household wealth

We measure the impact of Tanzania’s Wildlife Management Areas (WMAs), a national community-based conservation and poverty reduction initiative using a novel, cost-effective impact evaluation method based on participatory wealth ranking and Bayesian multilevel modelling.

Impacts of land use intensification on human wellbeing: Evidence from rural Mozambique

Land use intensification frequently has unintended impacts on ecosystem services. Here, we we examine three case studies in rural Mozambique. Drawing on interviews, focus group discussions, 1576 household surveys and geospatial data from 27 Mozambican villages, we assess how wellbeing and inequality change with three common land use intensification pathways.

A quasi-experimental study of impacts of Tanzania’s wildlife management areas on rural livelihoods and wealth

Abstract Since the 2000s, Tanzania’s natural resource management policy has emphasised Wildlife Management Areas (WMAs), designed to promote wildlife and biodiversity conservation, poverty alleviation and rural development. We carried out a quasi-experimental impact evaluation of social impacts of WMAs, collecting data from 24 villages participating in 6 different WMAs across two geographical regions, and 18 ...

Realising the promise of Tanzania’s Wildlife Management Areas

A new ESPA policy brief explores how Tanzania's Wildlife Management Areas have changed people's lives.

Gender Differentiated Preferences for a Community-Based Conservation Initiative

Community-based conservation (CBC) aims to benefit local people as well as to achieve conservation goals, but has been criticised for taking a simplistic view of “community” and failing to recognise differences in the preferences and motivations of community members. We explore this heterogeneity in the context of Kenya’s conservancies, focussing on the livelihood preferences of men and women living adjacent to the Maasai Mara National Reserve.