Using camera trap data from three properties across the American Prairie Reserve, Montana, we investigated the effects of fencing on four ungulate species. Averaged across species and demographics, a wildlife‐friendly fencing design increased the probability that ungulates successfully crossed a fence and reduced the time taken to cross, but had limited effects on species' crossing behaviour.
The World Bank's social and environmental safeguard policies were recently updated in the new Environmental and Social Framework. Although elements of the new policy have the potential to benefit conservation, Concerns have been raised that the policy is now too flexible and lacks clear definitions for key terms.
We develop an experimental, framed public goods game to test how support for otherwise identical elephant conflict interventions varies with perceptions of the trustworthiness of two different intervening groups. Our result show that participants cooperate more with interveners they perceive to be more trustworthy and that different aspects of trustworthiness matter differentially.