We examine the relationship between potentially harmful World Bank-funded project activities and areas of conservation importance. We find that 5 by 5 km cells containing a project activity are more likely to contain a Key Biodiversity Area, or a biodiversity hotspot, and have on average greater richness of globally threatened species, than those without.
The World Bank's social and environmental safeguard policies were recently updated in the new Environmental and Social Framework. Although elements of the new policy have the potential to benefit conservation, Concerns have been raised that the policy is now too flexible and lacks clear definitions for key terms.
We develop an experimental, framed public goods game to test how support for otherwise identical elephant conflict interventions varies with perceptions of the trustworthiness of two different intervening groups. Our result show that participants cooperate more with interveners they perceive to be more trustworthy and that different aspects of trustworthiness matter differentially.